“Search the Scriptures…They are thy which testify of Me.” John 5:39
Author: Bob Moses
Commentary on Romans
You will undoubtedly recall my comments regarding the beginning of Chapter 2, wherein I reinforced the fact that some verses and chapters actually carry us onto the next chapter and verse. We find the same, as we begin the study of Chapter 5. There is much to learn here and I hope you can bear with me as I attempt to explain, through this commentary, these next several verses.
Several things come to our attention as we study these verses. First acknowledge that this is a continuation of Chapter 4, where Paul was speaking about Abraham, and his faith in God. We will revert back to Chapter 4 verse’s 19—25: “And being not weak in faith, he (Abraham) considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah’s womb; He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; And being fully persuaded that, what He (God) had promised, He was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to himfor righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on Him that raised upJesus our Lord from the dead; Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for ourjustification”.
Verses 1 through 11 are most instructive. I shall first quote them, and then attempt to reveal their meaning. “Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also; knowing that tribulation worketh patience; and patience, experience, and experience hope; And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given to us. For when we were yet without strength in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradverture for a good man some would even dare to die, But God commendeth his love toward us (all) in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. For, if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement”.
The subject before us then, is justification, as we venture into Chapter 5. We shall see seven results of justification by faith. Verse 1: “Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ”. Thus we see that we now have “Peace with God”, through our Lord Jesus. Verse 2: “By whom also we have access by faith unto this grace wherein we stand”. We now have a way to God, by the blood of Christ, without any hindrance from any oracles of man. In other words, we can come directly to God with our petitions and prayers. “And rejoice in hope of the glory of God”. We can now rejoice in the hope of God and His favors upon us, because they are directed toward us individually. Verse’s 3 & 4: “And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also; knowing that tribulationworketh patience; and patience, experience; and experience, hope.” The message of these verses is the universal striving of man to somehow escape the condemnation of sin. It is only through tribulation that we come to a saving knowledge of Christ. If everything was always warm and fuzzy, who would need Jesus the Christ? Tribulation results in patience, and then experience. Once a person has experienced tribulation, he or she then begins to understand patience. This very experience, demands hope. Hope lies beyond oneself. Hope means we seek comfort beyond our own control. You have undoubtedly heard the phrase; God helps them, who help themselves. Scripturally speaking, this is a false statement. God helps those who are dependent upon Him. If I can fix my own circumstances, I do not need God. God’s blessings fall upon those who are at the end of themselves, and no longer harbor the thought of self or ego. Thus, you find throughout scripture, God intervening on behalf of those who are totally at the mercy of outside circumstances. They are fully undone, and must rely unrelentingly, upon their dependence upon God. Their faith holds them in good stead, for God will fulfill the need of His selected ones. We benefit from the trials which are set before us, for they lead us to patience and compassion. The experience progresses us to embrace hope. And needless to say, our hope rest with God, and in Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen!
The seven results of justification by faith are: (1) Peace with God; vs 1. (2) We are established in His favor; vs 2. (3) We rejoice in hope: vs 2. (4) We are enabled to benefit from trials; vs 3 & 4. (5) We have a hope that fails not; vs 5, (6) our hearts are drawn toward God. (7) We are assured of preservation and reconciled to God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Notice also the three regulations of Christian living. “Faith” vs 1; “Hope” (vs 4 & 5) “Love” (vs 5). To define these “Faith” means He is now believed by us, and we have trust in Him. “Hope” means that we have a confident expectation of the future, looking for Him to return. “Love” means that we now Love God and His Son Jesus Christ, and His people.
As has been my forte throughout these “Studies”, I prefer to quote first the Scriptures and then go on to offer an exposition upon them .Many in our reach do not have bibles. I have heard from pastors and evangelist from Kenya and Nigeria who seek bibles for their flock. They are using these “Studies in the Scriptures” as their guidepost to a better understanding of the Holy Word. I can only pray that the Holy Spirit will avail unto me a proper response to their expectations. And a solid footing unto the truths revealed in Holy Writ. I sincerely seek your prayers, that we are “Rightly dividing the Word” to the Glory of our Lord. Unfortunately, my ministry does not receive funds for such an endeavor. Should you wish to contribute, please let me know, and perhaps we can help these ministries in Africa.
As we begin at verse 12, we enter into yet another realm of teaching. From verse 12 to the end of Chapter 5 what comes into view is Adam vs. Christ. If you view it from God’s perspective there are only two representative men who head all mankind. Adam being the first man, or son, is earthly and natural. Jesus Christ is the second man or son, being heavenly and spiritual. In Adam all die in Christ all are made alive. God always chooses the second son over the first, whereas man bestows his blessing on the first rather than the second, read my article on “The Second Son.” So typical, man always gets it upside down. Notice another tenant of Scripture; the natural always comes first throughout the Holy Canon and then the spiritual appears second.
Romans Chapter 5: vs; 12—14: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned; (For until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law); Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come.
So what are we to make of this? I must defer to Rev. C.I. Scofield, D.D. and the Scofield Reference Bible; copyright 1909 by Oxford University Press, New York, Inc. Dr. Scofield writes; “The first sin wrought the moral ruin of the race. The demonstration is simple. (1) Death is universal (vs. 12, 14), all die: sinless infants, moral people, religious people, equally with the depraved. For a universal effect there must be a universal cause; that cause is a state of universal sin (vs. 12). (2) But this universal state must have had a cause. It did. The consequence of Adam’s sin was that “the many were made sinners” (vs. 19).”By the offence of one, judgment came upon all men unto condemnation” (vs. 18), (3) Personal sins are not meant here. From Adam to Moses death reigned . (vs. 14)), although, there being no law, personal guilt was not imputed. (vs.13). Then, since physical death from Adam to Moses was not due to the sinful acts of those who died (vs. 13), it follows that it was due to a universal sinful state, or nature, and that state is declared to be our inheritance from Adam.. Broadly, the contrast is: Adam; sin and death; Christ: righteousness and life. Adam drew down into his ruin the old creation (Rom. 8. 19—22) of which he was lord and head. Christ brings us into moral unity with God, and into eternal life, the new creation of which He is Lord and Head. (Eph, 1: 22, 23). Even the animal and material creation cursed for man’s sake (Gen. 3: 17) will be delivered by Christ.” (Isa. 11: 6—9; Rom. —22).
Let us move on to Verses 15 through 21 of this Chapter 5 of Romans.. “But” (again this takes us back to vs. 12-14)), “But not as the offence, also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift; for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore, as by the offence of one,judgment came upon all men to condemnation: even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But wheresin abounded, grace did much more abound: That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.”
Paul is explaining that by the sin of Adam all must die, but by the grace of God Jesus restores us into everlasting life. Adam leads us into condemnation, Christ leads us into righteousness. By one man’s offence (Adam) all die, but by Christ we receive the free gift of Grace, and shall live, eternally, through His saving Grace upon the Cross. So as by one man (Adam) all were made sinners, so also by one man (Christ) shall men be made righteous. We are speaking here, of course, of those who accept Jesus as the Lord of their Life, and accept His invitation to salvation. Those who believe not shall receive not. Faith and Belief are the cornerstones of our Christian foundation. “To declare, I say, at this time His righteousness: that He might be just, and the justifier of Him which believeth in Jesus”. Rom:
I would be remiss in my responsibility to my readers to cover this ground without identifying two mysteries of Scriptures which prevail herein. We must understand among other things, that “federal headship” of the human race is in view as it relates to Adam and Christ. Granted the term federal headship is not to be found in Holy Writ, much like Trinity or divine incarnation even divine revelation, nevertheless the thought process posed by the term “federal headship”; simply means “representation”. There have been but two federal heads: Adam and Christ, with each of whom God entered into a covenant. Each of them acted on behalf of others, each legally represented a definite people, so much so that all whom they represented were regarded by God as being in them. Adam represents all of mankind as he was the first among men. Christ represents those whom the Father has given to Him. By Adam came ruin, Christ brings redemption. Thus in Romans 5: (vs. 12) “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned” (vs. 15) “But not as the offence, so also is the free gift: For if through the offence of one many be dead (Adam), much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.” (vs. 16) “for the judgment was by one to condemnation (Adam), but the free gift is of many offences unto justification (Christ is our justifier). (vs. 17) “For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; (Adam), much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. (vs. 18) “Therefore as by the offence of one (Adam) judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one (Christ) the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. (vs. 19) For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, (Adam) so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous, (Christ). Vs. 20; “Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. (Now that God had given the law to Moses, this stripped man from claiming he did not know right from wrong, therefore sin was exposed and man could not deny it). But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: (vs. 21) “That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.”
Let us also observe the term “much more” used in these last few verses. We will note they are five in number, which is the number of “grace” which we will see manifested here. Vs. 8 & 9, “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners Christ died for us. Vs.(9) “Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. Vs. (10); “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.” (vs. 15); “But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one many, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. (vs. 17) “For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. (vs. 20) “Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.”
Our study of Chapter five is therefore complete. We observe in verses 12 through 14, the universality of sin from Adam. In verses 15 through 21, we witness the redemption of that sin through Jesus Christ. If, by Adam sin entered into this earthly world and the condemnation, of death, thereof as the result. So therefore, shall Jesus, by His taking upon Himself the sin of the world, upon the cross, redeems mankind by His sacrifice. Thus we see why, as we reported upon our comments regarding the “Utterances of Jesus from the Cross” God turned His back upon Jesus for a period of three hours, as God could not look upon sin. So the cry from Jesus, My God, My God, why has thou forsaken Me? God turned his back on Jesus because God could not look upon sin. This means that Jesus took upon Himself all the sin from Adam, to this day, for all His people, even into the future until His return, namely, His Church. These are the people whom God gave Him. We now may apprehend the meaning of the two “heads” of mankind, or the two classes of man. Consider the possibility that in the eyes of God there have been but two men in the world, and two facts of history. These two men are Adam and Christ; the two facts are the disobedience of the former, by which many were made sinners, and the obedience of the latter, by which many were made righteous. In Adam all die: In Christ all Live!!! Glory to our Lord and Saviour Christ the Lord! Amen….