Searching the Scriptures
“Search ye the Scriptures…they are they which testify of Me.” John 5:39
Author: Bob Moses
Date: March 2013
The Rainbow is an intrinsic part of the Noahic Covenant. First introduced to us in Genesis 9:13. There were, in fact, seven Covenants entered into between God and man, over the span of time which we acknowledge as being the Old Testament. Some of which carry over into the realm of the New. The Noahic Covenant being one of the most easily identified, particularly because of the Rainbow. There were actually seven of these Covenants. The first being the Everlasting Covenant, Second the Adamic Covenant, thirdly the Noahic Covenant, Fourth the Abrahamic Covenant, fifth the Sinaitic or Mosaic Covenant, sixth the Davidic Covenant and lastly and probably most significant, the Messianic Covenant. For a full exposition of these I would suggest to my readers to obtain a copy of The Divine Covenants, by Arthur W. Pink; Pietan Publications, 26 Green Farm Rd. New Ipswich, New Hampshire; 03071.
Mr. Pink in his introduction of The Divine Covenants states: “It has been well pointed out that “it is very obvious that because God is an intelligence He must have a plan.” Salvation through Jesus Christ is according to “the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God” (Acts 2:23), and He was pleased to make known His eternal purpose of mercy, unto the fathers, in the form of a series of covenant’s, which were of different characters and revealed at various times. These covenants enter into the very nature, and pervade with their peculiar qualities, the whole system of divine truth. They have an intimate connection with each other and a common relation to a single purpose, being, in fact, so many successive stages in the unfolding of the scheme of divine grace. They treat the divine side of things, disclosing the source from which all blessing come to men, and making known the channel (Christ) through which they flow to them. Each one reveals some new and fundamental aspect of truth, and in considering them in their Scriptural order we may clearly perceive the progress of revelation which they respectively indicated. They set forth the great design of God which was to be accomplished by the redeemer of His people.”
Let us begin our “Study” on the “Rainbow”. Necessity requires a brief history lesson. We must return to the days of Creation where we read in Genesis 1: 26—31: “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion ever the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.”
Gen; Ch. 2; 1—6; “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.”
Before we proceed let us first acknowledge an objection to the phrase between the two phrases’ placed in the above. It states: “and there was not a man to till the ground”. An astute student who has a knowledge of the scripture will undoubtedly point out that God created man on the sixth day and then he rested. Now we read that there was no man to till the ground. The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. However we must acknowledge a break In the narrative; and we should now proceed a bit further to Chapter 2: 4—7; “These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew; for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.” Now we go back to the creation of man on the sixth day. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. “
Again to refer to phrase “there was not a man to till the ground”. One may legitimately ask; how can you say there was not a man to till the ground? Adam was on the scene. Present and accounted for. Nevertheless at this point in time, in the unveiling of things, this did not apply to Adam. Remember Adam was placed in the Garden of Eden and everything was provided for him. He was given a job, Ch.2: 19 & 20: “And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.” We observe two things in these verses. First there is not a time line given. We do not know how long Adam spent in this occupation. Secondly we note that while everything was provided for Adam and his well- being, he was also appointed to maintain the Garden. He was not permitted to sit idle. God had work for him to do. This is in stark contrast of what we have today. Thanks to our government, unions and retirement plans we now have folks provided everything they need, and they sit idle. God never intended man to sit idle, not even in the Garden of Eden. God requires work even from the wealthy. Did Abraham, Isaac, Moses, Jesus, or any of the Apostles stop working and retire? The Scriptures reveal not. I am not saying we cannot enjoy the fruits of our labors through pensions, social security, retirement funds and investments. What I am saying is do something worthwhile, contribute your knowledge, teach and help those who need your talent, but for heavens-sake do not sit idle. Idleness runs contrary to the Word of God and diminishes your effectiveness to your fellow man and to God Himself. Do something!
Forgive me, I digress. So let us return to the fact that “there was no man to till the ground”. While there was a man (Adam), it was not his job to till the ground. This was not required until after the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden. Everything was “Good, in the sight of the Lord”. Everything was watered from a mist from the earth and the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth. Man’s labor to plant, water, prune and harvest was not necessary. After the fall most everything changed. There are two schools of thought. One maintains that nothing changed as regards to the watering of the earth that the mist continued. Another claims that it rained, but is not mentioned. In either event we do know that the curse of Adam was that; Ch. 3: 23 & 24: “Therefore the Lord God sent him (Adam) forth from the Garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.” Further, vs 17—19:” And unto Adam he (Lord God) said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying Thou shalt not eat of it; cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it; all the days of thy life; Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it was thou taken; for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.”
At this juncture it is of no real import to determine which path of reasoning one may take regarding the two theories presented. I offer them to inspire the reader to dig deeper should you wish to do so. It is my personal opinion that either could be valid, save for the point I wish to make. My point is that if indeed it had not ever rained upon the earth until the deluge, it is no wonder the people rejected the preaching of Noah. On the other hand if it had rained, the people would never have expected a rain such as the one Noah predicted. Therefore for the exegesis of our “Study on The Rainbow” it is worthy of our consideration. Let me also reveal to my readers, beyond the record of his birth the Scriptures tell us nothing of Noah till he was five hundred years old. Noah was a preacher and Jehovah resolved to destroy the human race, but allowed a respite of one hundred and twenty years, during which Noah sought to bring them to repentance. He entered the ark when he was six hundred years old, and the flood commenced on the seventeenth day of the second month, kept rising for forty days, and only began to abate after one hundred and fifty days. On the seventeenth day of the seventh month the ark rested on Ararat, and after forty days Noah sent forth a raven, and at intervals of seven days (or a week) a dove. Finally on the first day of the first month of his six hundred and first year, Noah removed the covering of the ark; and on the twenty-seventh day of the following month he returned to dry land. (Gen; 8: 4—19) Ref: Unger’s Bible Dictionary pg. 797.
Let us take a glimpse of the Noahic Covenant itself….
The Noahic Covenant
Genesis Ch. 9: vs; 11—17
“And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there anymore be a flood to destroy the earth. And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: I do set my bow in the cloud and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud: And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.”
It is beyond the scope of this “Study” to expound upon the merits of the Noahic Covenant. Many scholars, far above the reach of this writers’ deficient pen, have chronicled its importance and application to mankind. My focus upon the above is in reference to The Rainbow and Gods commitment thereto.
Observe in this Covenant the seven I’s, of God. Exodus; 3:14; “And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.” Therefore the seven I’s are undoubtedly God speaking. “And I will establish my covenant; this is the token of the covenant which I make; I do set my bow in the cloud; And I will remember my covenant; I will look upon it; that I may remember; this token of the covenant, which I have established.
Seven is often referred to a God’s perfect number. It denotes completion. God has now “restored” the earth for Noah and his progeny, we of the human race, as well as all the animals who were in the ark. So we witness the completion of God’s work, in the destruction of the earth by water. Further the number seven is made up on the numbers three and four. Three being representative of the Trinity, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Four represents the earth. North, East, South, and West, the four elements of the earth; earth, air, fire and water. Combining the two we have the heavenly presence and the earthly presence all in harmony for the blessing of the Noahic Covenant. Please take note also who is doing the work. God is the doer. He is the One, making the covenant, Noah is nothing but a bystander and a receiver of the Blessing being dispensed by God. There are no conditions for Noah, nothing for him to obey or do. Remember that “Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord”. Gen: 6; 8. It is grace we see fully manifested in this exchange. God’s forgiveness, he found no fault in Noah. God saved him, sanctified him, and separated him apart from the rest of sinful mankind. Noah could truly sing “What a friend we have in Jesus”.
What, therefore is then the meaning of the Rainbow? God said, “And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither hall there anymore be a flood to destroy the earth. And God said; This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: I do set my bow in the cloud and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud. And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.” Gen: 9: 11-17. The meaning is that the Rainbow is a sacred symbol. One that God himself offered as a token to Noah that he would never again destroy the earth by flood or water.
This brings before us once again the argument did the mist water the earth from before Adam to the time of Noah? Or did it rain upon the earth? If it rained upon the earth one would think that there would have been a rainbow. Yet God distinctly states that He set the rainbow in the clouds. Yet another mystery presented to us from Gods Holy Word. Many jump on the bandwagon of “it’s just another contradiction” of the Bible. Dear friend, there are no contradictions anywhere in Scripture. Some questions may be beyond you finding out, but that reveals a lack of understanding by you. Often the scales must be removed from our eyes. And some revelations may escape us because the Holy Spirit has not deemed it appropriate for our learning. Because we do not understand does not deem it a contradiction. I do not claim to have a definitive answer to the above question. I offer it for you to ponder.
I would be remiss not to mention the paradox we the faithful hold true and make a point to the unregenerate of our day. God establishes a special blessing upon the whole earth and places His bow in the heavens as a special reminder of His covenant to mankind and some take it and turn it around into something unbecoming. Much evil is among us today including abortion; the movement to remove “In God we Trust” from our currency and many others. Even the Catholic Church and other religions denominations are being attacked for their adherence to their faith. Denouncing Christmas, Easter, Hanukah and other holidays. My opinion is if you do not wish to participate, that is you decision, but who are you to determine what you think is best for the rest of us. Just as you are entitled to practice your belief, so should the rest of us be able to participate in our belief. If you don’t like it tune-out and do your own thing, but leave the rest of us alone. We are happy in our faith.
This concludes our brief “Study” on the Rainbow. May God Bless you and yours. Thanks for reading and being a part of this Ministry. Should you wish to review the Study of The Easter Story or the Seven Saying from the Cross, as written by this author please go to Lordandmosesministries.com Comments are welcome.