Searching the Scriptures
“Search the Scriptures…they are they which testify of Me. (John 5:39)
Author: Bob Moses
Genesis Chapter Two
“Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.” Gen. 2: 1—3. Be it observed, that this is the true character of a Sabbath. This is the only Sabbath which God ever celebrated, so far as the inspired record instructs us. After this, we read of God’s commanding man to keep the Sabbath, and man utterly failing to do so; but we never read again the words, “God rested”; on the contrary, the word is, “My Father worketh hitherto, and I work” (John 5:17). The Sabbath, in the strict and proper sense of the term, could only be celebrated when there really was nothing to be done. It could only be celebrated amid an undefiled creation—a creation on which no spot of sin could be discerned.
The Word of God teaches us that God has had no Sabbath as yet, save the one which the second of Genesis records. “The seventh day,” and none other, was the Sabbath. It showed forth the completeness of creation work; but creation work is marred, and the seventh day rest interrupted; and thus, from the fall to the incarnation of Christ, God the Father was working; from the incarnation to the cross, God the Son was working; and from Pentecost until now, God the Holy Ghost has been working.
Assuredly, Christ had no Sabbath when He was upon this earth. True, He finished His work—blessedly, gloriously finished it—but where did He spend the Sabbath day? In the tomb! Yes, the Lord Christ—God manifest in the flesh, the Lord of the Sabbath, the Maker and Sustainer of heaven and earth—spent the seventh day in the dark and silent tomb. And what was man doing while the Son of God was in the grave? He was observing the Sabbath day! How absurd, yet true. You could not possibly make this up. Yet, what sayeth the Scriptures? Christ in His tomb to repair a broken Sabbath, and yet man attempting to keep the Sabbath without Christ—an empty, powerless, worthless, endeavor because of a Christless and Godless condition of mankind.
Yet even unto this day we have both Jew and even some Christians maintaining the ritual of the Sabbath Day. Allow me to quote C.H. Mackintosh on this matter: “The seventh day (Saturday) appertained to Israel and to earth: the first day of the week appertains to the Church and to heaven. Further, Israel was commanded to observe the Sabbath day (or Saturday): the Church is privileged to enjoy the first day of the week (Sunday). The former was the test of Israel’s moral condition; the latter is the significant proof of the Church’s eternal acceptance. That made manifest what Israel could do for God; this perfectly declares what God has done for us. Do not ask him (a Christian) to keep a day which His Master spent in the tomb, instead of that blessed day on which He left it.” This day being “Sunday”.
Unger’s remarks: “at a very early date “the first day of week”(Sunday; the eighth day; the new day of the second week) took the place of the Jewish Sabbath as the chief time of public worship (Acts 20:7; I Cor. 16:2) in many of the churches of Jewish Christians. It was the day (Sunday—the new day, a day of new beginnings, as the number 8 implies); of the resurrection of Christ; of most of his appearances to the disciples after the resurrection, and on this day the Holy Spirit was poured out at Pentecost. For these reasons, and especially after the destruction of the sacred city had rendered the sacrificial service of the temple impossible, Sunday became the recognized day of assembly for fellowship and for the celebration of the Lord’s Supper. The Jewish Christians at first observed both the seventh (Saturday) and the first day of the week. But the Gentile Christians kept the “Lord’s Day” (Sunday) from the beginning.” Because it was indeed, a new day and a new beginning particularly after the resurrection.
Paul states in 1 Cor 16: 1—3: “Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the week (Sunday) let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. And when I come, whomsoever ye shall approve by your letters, them will I send to bring you liberality unto Jerusalem.” I find it typical of Paul that in Colossians 2: 16—18, he takes this entire concept one step further into the Christian realm. “Let not man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, including into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind.”
Where Paul has taken us here, is into the sphere of Christian acceptance. It really matters not what another Christian or any other, may think of what you eat, or drink, nor where or when you worship; let them not beguile you. As long as you accept Jesus the Christ as your personal savior, whatever any person thinks of you is of no regard. What matters is your personal relationship with the Lord. This is the boldness of Christian forgiveness. Treat you brother, love your brother; forgive your brother, as you would ask him to forgive you. God gave the Jew’s Ten Commandments; Christ give’s the Church one: “This is my commandment: That ye love one another, as I have loved you.” (John 15: 12). This my friend is the total essence of Christianity.
“These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth, when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens. And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew; for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. (Gen. 2: 4—6). We now go back again to the original creation, where it is here being revealed, that every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field, was present upon the earth before this current (restoration). This indicates that these plants and herbs were hidden and hibernating within the earth from the original creation and were revived during the “restoration”.
“For the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth.” “But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.” I have commented upon these two verses in some of my other “Studies” of “Searching the Scriptures”. It did not rain upon the earth until the flood of Noah. That is partially why some of his day thought he was a lunatic. Here was a man of God building a large boat and preaching everyone to believe in the Lord because a great flood was coming. These people had never seen it rain before. They had no idea what he was talking about. He tried to explain, but they didn’t get it. Why did they not get it? Because they did not want to. They reveled in their evil ways and they did not want to hear about a God. Just as people today do not want to hear about a “rapture” or a “Great Tribulation” or a “Judgment”, or anything regarding the Creator, the Redeemer, or the Judge of heaven and earth. They want to be left alone to pursue their evil nature and personal gratification; just as the people of Noah’s day.
"And there was not a man to till the ground.” What a remarkable statement at the end of verse Five. This is a beautiful illustration of the “foreknowledge” of God. Man had not even been created yet. And when man was created, God provided him a “Garden” where everything was prepared for him and no labor on man’s part was intended or involved. Nevertheless, God knew Adam would fall, and that would necessitate; “by the sweat of his brow” that man would forthwith have to labor, to produce food, shelter, and establish a homestead.
Verse 7, “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” Can anyone show me in this verse any mention or even a hint of man being evolved from an ape? “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground”. How can this possibly be misinterpreted? It’s only twelve words long. It states unequivocally
God formed man of the dust of the ground. He did not here create an ape, nor any other humanoid being; He formed a “man”. Then what? “And breathed into his nostrils the breath of life”. The first was the work of God, the second, the work of the Holy Spirit. And what happened? “And man became a living soul.” It is the Holy Spirit who brings us life. Let us go back to Genesis 1: 26; “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.” If we follow the evolutionist we must admit that God is obviously an ape, but mankind has evolved beyond God himself. Can anything be more ridiculous? However, some still cling to this dishonoring, slap in the face, of our most Holy God. In the words of Groucho Marks; “This is the dumbest thing I have ever heard.”
We are going to skip verses 10 through 14 as they are concerned with the rivers flowing out of the Garden of Eden and have nothing to contribute to our current discourse. I will quote verses 8—10 and pick up again in verses 15—17. “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the Garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”
Let us visit momentarily upon the phrase “the tree of life also in the midst of the garden”. Could this, not also, present to us a foreshadowing of Christ, while hanging upon the “tree” / “Cross” in the midst of the two thieves? One rejecting the Christ and the other pleading: “Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, today shalt thou be with me in paradise.” Luke 23: 42, 43. We are here given a gracious look of the significance of this first mention of the Tree of Life, being in the midst of the garden.
As a sidebar, we must always, as we study the Scriptures, take notice of the “first mention” of anything. The Holy Scriptures are progressive from the fact that here in Genesis we have the “seed book”. But Scripture evolves and builds upon itself, and reveals new truths as we are capable to discern them. Thus the admonition “Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth”. 2nd Timothy 2: 15. Therefore as we explore these various seedlings, from the Book of Genesis, we must expect to see these various truths, pictures, shadows and revelations unfold as we study this progressive process, throughout the Scriptures. The rule of “first mention” being one of the most important elements thereof. Therefore this author advocates that this tree in the midst of the Garden of Eden, portrays the cross of Christ at the crucifixion; for it was called “the tree of life”. The renewed, spiritual life granted unto us by Christ serving as our Redeemer.
There must surely be some significance placed upon these two trees as they occupy a prominent place within these verses. “The tree of life, in the midst of the Garden; and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.” Yet there was every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food. Note however, the restriction placed upon the tree of knowledge of good and evil. God knows man better than man knows himself. If you want a child to rebel, tell him he “cannot have”. Make it readily available and he loses interest. The very fact that God said: “But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat.” Bingo! You just told mankind that he could not have of it, and the first thing Eve and he do is allow their susceptibility to the wiles of Satan overcome them, without so much, as even a second thought. “It was desirable” unto them. Thus the fall of man, in Adam and his progeny until this very day. We resist someone telling us what to do, or not do even, if it is God himself.
Verses 18—20: “And the Lord God said, it is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet, for him. And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see, what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature; that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet, for him”. Once again we are brought to the “foreknowledge of God”. God found it “not good” that man did not have a help meet / partner; and said He would make one for Adam, “BEFORE” He did so. God had conceived Eve before He ever formed her from the side of Adam.
"And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every fowl of the air”. God created these animals “out of the ground” just as He had formed Adam, out of the ground. Thus we are earthly creatures which God himself “formed”. Not evolutionary beings from another time and place. Adam was gifted with intelligence from the day he was formed. How else could you explain God’s word which states: “and brought them unto Adam to see, what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature; that was the name thereof”. I challenge you to show me just one ape that can speak and name all the living creatures, God has made.
“And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field: but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him”. We see from this that Adam named the various cattle; the long-horns, beef cattle, dairy cattle (holsteins): of the fowl of the air, ducks, geese, bluebirds, cardinals, turkeys, etc. all creatures: lions, deer, lambs, cheethas, elephants, etc. Note, God brought them to Adam. How can this be? Did not God send all animals two by two unto Noah? Is it any less of a miracle that God first, brought them to Adam? Remember, I stated at the beginning of this series that Genesis is the “seed book” of the Bible. It is the Book of beginnings. Everything that happens throughout the Holy Canon finds its place, in this first Book of Moses.
Verses 21—22: “And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.” We have such a beautiful picture here of Christ and his Church. First we are told that God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam and he slept. This is a perfect shadowing of Christ dying upon the Cross and being pierced in his side. Secondly while he slept, his rib was taken from him and the Church, His future bride was made.
Verses 23—24: And Adam said. This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.” There are one or two very important and significant points to be made upon these two verses. Number one, “the remarkable record of the formation of the first woman. All other men have been born of woman, but this first woman was made from man. Which leads us to the clause “they shall be one flesh”. Although men and women through the ages have corrupted this divine institution in many ways (adultery, divorce, polygamy, homosexuality, etc. “from the beginning it was not so” (Math. 19: 8). The institution of the home is the first and most basic human institution, and it was intended to be monogamous and permanent until death (Romans 7: 2—3) it is significant that cultures of all times and sorts have acknowledged the superiority of monogamy, even though they have not always practiced it.” (Henry Morris Study Bible)
Genesis Chapter Two